Authors


Matishov, G.G., Academician, Chairperson of the Southern Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Rostov-on-Don, Russia), Director of Murmansk Marine Biological Institute of the Kola Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Murmansk, Russia.


Sherman, K., Director NOAAs Large Marine Ecosystem Program Northeast Fisheries Science Center, Narragansett Laboratory, Narragansett, Rhode Island, USA Levitus, S., Smolyar, I.V. , Ocean Climate Laboratory NODC/NOAA, Silver Spring, USA.


Berdnikov, S.V., Povazhniy, V.V., Sheverdyaev, I.V., Tsygankova, A.E, Southern Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Rostov-Don, Russia.


Kulygin, V.V., Yaitskaya, N.A., Kumpan, S.V., Tretyakova, I.A., Institute of Arid Zones of the Southern Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences , Rostov-Don, Russia.


Dzhenyuk, S.L., Zhichkin, A.P., Murmansk Marine Biological Institute of the Kola Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Murmansk, Russia.


Dyakov, N.N., Fomin, V.V., Marine Department of the Ukrainian Hydro-Meteorological Research Institute of the Ministry of Emergency Situations and the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Sevastop ol, Ukraine.


Klochkov, D.N., Shatohin B. N. Scientific and Industrial Company Morskaya Informatika, Murmansk, Russia


Plotnikov, V.V., Vakulskaya, N.M., Luchin, V.A. , V. I Ilichev Pacific Oceanological Institute of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, Russia.


Kroots, A.K., Far Eastern Regional Hydro-Meteorological Research Institute, Vladivostok, Russia.



Acknowledgements


The present work is implemented within the framework of:

- Global Oceanographic Data Archaeology and Rescue (GODAR) and World Ocean Database projects endorsed by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) UNESCO.

- Memorandum of Understanding between the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of the Department of Commerce of the United States of America and the Russian Academy of Sciences of the Russian Federation on Cooperation in the Area of the World Oceans and Polar Regions.


The present publication has been implemented by employees of the Russian Academy of Sciences jointly with colleagues from the Ocean Climate Laboratory of the National Oceanographic Data Centre NOAA (USA), Programmes of Basic Research of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences Basic Problems of Poly-Ethnic Macro-Region Modernization under the Conditions of Tension Growth and Basic Problems of Oceanology: Physics, Geology, Biology, and Ecology, of the Department of Earth Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences Geographical Grounds for Sustainable Development of the Russian Federation and its Regions, Federal Targeted Programme of Russia The World Ocean.


Due to the support from the UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC UNESCO), the GODAR Project (Global Oceanographic Data Archaeology and Rescue) and the World Ocean Database Project, vast data material has been rescued.


Significant help, when searching for and obtaining the books, papers, graphic material, containing the primary oceanographic data, was provided by the employees of the NOAA Central Library, as well as of the libraries of Rostov-on-Don (Sharapova, T.A., Kolesnikova, E.M., Menshikh, O.A., Bondarenko, S.A.).


We are grateful to the employees of the IAZ SSC RAS (Matishov, D.G., Arkhipova, O.E., Dashkevich, L.V., Likhtanskaya, N.V., and Sorokina, V.V.), of the MMBI KSC RAS (Makarevich, P.R., Moiseev, D.V.), of the Marine Department of UkrNIGMI (Levitskaya, O.V., Fomina, I.N., Timoshenko, T.Yu, and Martynova, E.S.) for their assistance when developing the database.


Considerable assistance, when searching for and comparing the historical navigational charts of the Northern Bering Sea, was provided by the NOAA employees: from the National Geodetic Survey - J. Blackwell, Director, M. Aslaksen, Chief of Staff, D. Graham, cartographer, I. Blat, cartographer; from the National Ocean Service/Office of Coast Survey M. Westington, geographer; from the Central Library - J. Cloud, Ph.D.


Our special gratitude goes to the employees of SSC RAS and IAZ SSC RAS (Aleshina, N.V., Aleshina, E.G., Aksenov, D.S., Vikrishchuk, A.V., Verbitskiy, R.E., Glushchenko, G.Yu., Grigorenko, K.S., Eliseeva, O.I., Ermolov, V.V., Ermolaeva, E.V., Ivanov, V.A., Kovaleva, G.V., Kreneva, K.V., Luzhnyak, O.L., Oleinikov, E.P., Ponomarenko, E.P., Saprygin, V.V., Soier, V.G., Filatova, T.B., Shishkina, A.V., Yasakova, O.N.) and of MMBI KSC RAS (Berchenko, I.V., Deryabin, A.A., Dvoretskiy, V.G., Druzhkova, E.I., Kuznetsov, A.V., Oleinik, A.A., Shumilov, A.A.), who collected the primary data in marine expeditions and cruises and at hydrochemical and biological laboratories in 2000-2013.


We are also grateful to the Head of the Department of Rosgidromet (The Federal Service of Russia for Hydrometeorology and Monitoring of the Environment) in the Southern Federal District and Northern Caucasus Federal District of Russia Bazelyuk, A.A. for the possibility provided to get acquainted with the historical data on the ice conditions of the Sea of Azov LME and the Caspian Sea LME.

We express our gratitude to Roman Mikhalyuk for his Russian-English translation of this publication.