Pico- and nanoplankton


Despite the fact that the Sea of Azov has a long-term record of hydrobiological research, the current state of phytoplankton community of the Sea of Azov remains insufficiently studied. For many decades, phytoplankton studies were reduced to the research on the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of algae over 20 μm. Microalgae under 20 μm ultraphytoplankton, which can be further categorized into pico- (0.22 μm) and nanoplankton (from 210 to 20 μm), escaped the attention of researchers. Notably, these microorganisms may compose up to 59-69% of primary production and total phytoplankton biomass. (Azam et al., 1983).


Once collected from the surface profile, the samples of phytoplankton of pico- and nano-fractions are fixed by a glutaraldehyde solution. The samples are processed using epifluorescence microscope after filtration to black membrane filters and fluorochrome colouring. The indicated method also allows obtaining data on the total number of bacterioplankton cells (Sukhanova, 1983; Makarevich, Druzhkov, 1989).


Results from 178 pico- and nanoplankton samples (including bacteria) from the Sea of Azov have been added to the database. Results from 3 samples from the Black Sea were also added. . There was no data available from the Caspian Sea for pico- and nanoplankton (Figure 1 Table 1).

Distribution of stations with pico- and nanoplankton samples
Figure 1 - Distribution of stations with pico- and nanoplankton samples (2008-2011)

Table 1 - Inventory of stations with pico- and nanoplankton samples (2008-2011)
YearMonths
123456789101112Year
Sea of Azov
20083811527
2009106814711763
201012632418669
20111919
Total1021822640290291300178
Black sea
2008213
Total0002010000003
Total by seas1021824641290291300181